Peter Surava made history with the weekly paper «Die Nation» as a symbol of the anti-fascist resistance during World War II. He fought against censorship and for a human asylum policy. But therefore he became a personal enemy of the federal council Eduard von Steiger. Arrest, imprisonment and anti-Semitism plunged him into misfortune. His fate was that he was originally called Hans Werner Hirsch – a name with a Jewish ring to it.